When continuing on in psychology after an undergraduate degree, there are typically 5 different psychology program types broken up by focus.
Works in the areas of psychopathology, assessment, and intervention.
Focuses on solving everyday problems, personal growth and conflict. Also often found in educational settings.
Examines behaviour in systems and workplaces. Often used in large agencies and businesses to consider relationships between people and these structures.
The intersection of physical brain and behaviour. Has academic and clinical settings.
Theory, testing, experiment and research. Typically academic in nature.
There are many different degrees available in psychology. At the University of Regina at an undergraduate level, there is a Bachelor of Arts (BA) and a Bachelor of Science (BSc) and the Honours versions of both of these degrees. Moving forward, other degrees include:
- M.A – Master of Arts – Usually done as part of a terminal program to reach a Ph.D in Psychology.
- M.Sc – Master of Science – Usually done as part of a terminal program to reach a Ph.D in Psychology.
- M.Ed – Master of Education – I have no idea what this entails, details forthcoming.
- Ph.D – Doctor of Philosophy (all Ph.Ds are labelled as ‘doctors of philosophy’ even if you are not taking a philosophy Ph.D, this can be confusing!) – Doctorate level degree which includes advanced research and the defense of a dissertation in addition to several different types of exams. A clinical-practitioner model of psychology as opposed to the Psy. D which is scientist-practitioner. There are many doctoral programs that do not require a Masters degree, in which you enter post-bachelors.
- Psy.D – Doctor of Psychology – Doctorate level degree which focuses on the practice of psychology. Relatively new in Canada, but gaining popularity.
Applying to Graduate School
Congratulations and condolences on deciding to apply for graduate school in psychology. Applications have many components, so it is best to organize and schedule the processes you need to do to apply well in advance. Applications typically have 6 components:
- Statement of interest tailored to the specific program
- Reference letters (2 – 3, ask for these *well* in advance!)
- Transcripts from all undergraduate institutions you attended
- GRE Scores (general, sometimes you need to include psychology)
- Application fees (Each is usually around $100)